An Intersestional Lens on Climate Change

Intersectionality is a lens I like to examine just about every topic with. Using this approach, we can understand that people will experience events differently based on their layers of privilege, oppression, and how they are recognized by society. Looking at climate change intersectionally, we can recognize that climate change has a disproportionate affect on people based on race, gender, and socioeconomic status.

When discussing climate change, it is important to recognize the social obstacles that come out of the physical environmental changes. These social threats come in the form of infrastructure, health, political institutions, and personal livelihoods. Within nations, communities of color, women, and socioeconomically disadvantaged people have more vulnerabilities to the negative impacts of climate change. People with a lower socioeconomic status not only are more vulnerable to climate change, but they lack the influence in environmental policy-making. Without being represented in policy-making decisions, their interests are therefore not necessarily being met and addressed.

Race is also a factor in addition to socioeconomic status when addressing susceptibility to climate change. Looking at the United States, black Americans are more likely to be subjected to higher levels of air pollution than white Americans. A lot of harmful air pollution comes from the burning of fossil fuels and contributes to disease and premature death. People of color are more likely to be exposed to air pollutants because toxic emission facilities are typically located in low-income, communities of color. We can tie this all back to “The Racism Behind American Suburbia” article I wrote a while back, as it talks about the strategic segregation of white people from those of color. With this legal segregation in place, it is easier to place harmful industrial facilities in communities that consist of people of color.

When continuing the conversation of the unequal affects of climate change, it is important to integrate and discuss gender issues. On average, women still have less economic and political status which makes them more exposed to the negatives of a changing climate. Women who live in areas where they are most reliant on natural resources for their livelihoods, are most affected. Due to women having on average, a lower socioeconomic status and more likely to live in poverty, they have less ability to respond to natural disasters such as droughts, floods, and hurricanes. Women also have unequal participation when it comes to policy-making decisions and are not able to fully contribute to climate change related policies and implementation.

With all that being said, climate change is something that affects everybody but disproportionally more towards people of color, the socioeconomically disadvantaged, and women. Even if we don’t feel the adverse effects yet, does not mean we shouldn’t care. We cannot let capitalism and corporate greed run this world any longer. Taking action means changing our individual lifestyles and promoting policy change by getting involved in environmental groups and letting your voice be heard. Climate change is real and if we don’t take action soon, we will reap the consequences. I have provided some resources on where I got all my above information as well as resources that discuss the contributors of climate change and what you can do to help. Just remember; a single person can make a huge difference. Let’s change the world.


EPA Finds Black Americans Face More Health-Threatening Air Pollution:

Introduction to Gender and Climate Change:

Overview of linkages between gender and climate change:

Race, Class, Gender and Climate Change Communication:  fore-9780190228620-e-412?print=pdf

UN Environment:


IMG_7977Kayla Nessmann is a third-year student at SCSU. She studied abroad in Australia last year and is majoring in English with an emphasis in Rhetoric and Writing and minoring in International Relations. Kayla is very passionate about writing, environmentalism, and violence against women’s issues. She wants to use her degree to combine writing with politics, to help make a change in the world. In her free time, she is writing her first novel, doing outdoor activities, interning at the Women’s Center, and being a Human Relations teaching assistant.


Empathy as a Stepping Stone

What comes to mind when you hear the word “empathy?” Many of us think of putting ourselves in someone else’s shoes. Perhaps you attempt to see the perspective of another person. Or, maybe you attempt to feel the emotions of another person. Empathy seems to be getting a lot of buzz recently, and I have some reflections to share on the topic.

While I believe it is important to practice empathy, I think we need to dig a little deeper. What benefit comes from empathy with no follow up? Beyond simply attempting to understand the perspective of another person, our responses and actions resulting from this shift in perspective are crucial to the well-being of ourselves and those around us.

One positive response to empathy is compassion, which involves emotional connection along with the intent of helping another person. Not only do you recognize discomfort, suffering, or pain in another, you actively attempt to alleviate the condition. This may be as simple as offering a listening ear, giving someone a ride, or making a meal.

Empathy can also lead to giving someone “the benefit of the doubt.” This entails either believing someone or reframing your perspective to assume the good in another rather than the bad. This process is something that I have consciously focused on in recent years. It doesn’t always come easily, but with mindful practice it gets easier. I’ll share a little of my experience with giving people the benefit of the doubt.

Working in the animal welfare field and caring for hundreds of homeless animals over the years, it’s easy to get frustrated and cynical. For example, if a one-year-old dog is surrendered to the animal shelter because they “don’t have time,” a knee-jerk reaction often includes negative judgement towards the owner. Maybe they should have done their research before getting a breed of puppy with high energy. Maybe they only wanted a cute little puppy, but not the responsibility of providing care to a dog who needs its emotional, social, and physical needs met. But, what good comes from this thought process? It casts judgement on others and it causes personal frustration.

Reframing my mind to consider several possibilities can remove the judgement and frustration. I think to myself, “Maybe the person needs to work multiple jobs just to pay rent and is never home so they feel someone else could give the dog a better life,” or “Maybe this person is going through a divorce and their whole life is being rebuilt.” A number of alternative narratives can give the person the benefit of the doubt that they are responding to life circumstances to the best of their ability. Not only can I help this person in a more compassionate manner, I will carry less emotional turmoil of my own.

I understand there are contexts in which giving someone the benefit of the doubt is not reasonable or perhaps not even safe. But, I challenge myself and others to consciously see the good in others and give the benefit of the doubt when possible.

In addition to helping others, empathy can contribute to improved personal peace. I’m not saying cultivating empathy will simply give you peace. From my experience, having an open heart and looking for the humanity in others has positive effects my emotional well-being. Practicing empathy, compassion, and giving the benefit of the doubt collectively lightens the load weighing on my heart and mind. These approaches to social interactions allow me to engage with life in a more optimistic manner, which is not always easy considering the multitude of social issues the world faces. Letting go of unnecessary skepticism and cynicism is uplifting.

What else can empathy lead to? I encourage everyone to explore the possibilities.

Head ShotRose Hegerle is a senior studying sociology and gender & women’s studies. She chose these disciplines to better serve the St. Cloud community and contribute a more socially-just world. Her passions lie in empathy, social justice, human rights, animal welfare, and environmental issues (among other things). She enjoys engaging in critical and thoughtful dialogue to draw attention to macro and micro power structures that produce social inequalities. Rose lives in St. Cloud with her spouse and several pets including dogs, cats, mice, and a bearded dragon. Hobbies include canoeing, hiking, camping, playing board games, bowling, eating, and sewing. She currently works at a humane society and plans to stay in the non-profit sector long-term.

Try Harder

My name sounds a little heavy on your tongue

Like molasses dripping down the sticky jar.  You

Try. I give you the pronunciation and you hesitate but

You try.  


I learned to smile and tell you, “nah, it’s okay!” just say

It like this.  The pronunciation is abrasive with the thick

American accent.  My name loses its culture and its zest.

You try.


Try harder.

My name was a gift that is irreplaceable given by my mother.

It’s cultural and religious significance defined my character

And created the future that my name carries.  I will no longer

Go by a name that is meaningless.


Try harder.


You do have the accent and you have said names harder.  I’ve heard you.

Try harder. Say it with meaning and say it with the flavour that my

Name carries.  Try harder. I’ve practiced your name on my tongue

Until it flowed like liquid silver.  I tried.

Try harder.


Kholood Abuhadid is a fourth year Biomedical and a minor in Gender and Women’s Studies.  She is Palestinian-American and is passionate about Palestinian rights as well as encompassing feminist intersectional ideology.  Kholood is an avid reader and loves to dabble in creative writing.  She hopes one day to establish herself in the world of medical research as well as have an active voice in the Public Health world.  She also thinks she’s good at knitting but in reality is actually quite horrible! Managing editor.

Panic And Resolution- The Minnesota Midterm Elections

I’ve been reflecting a lot on Kare11’s article about the Republican Attorney General candidate and how he declared, if elected he would take out 42 Democratic attorneys and put Republicans in their place. On one hand, this man cannot be elected due to the blatantly fascist statement–in fact, I have been considering the idea of creating a petition because that idea cannot fall into our government as it would cause more corruption than there is already. On the other hand, I cannot and will not vote for Keith Ellison. I cannot support someone who has such claims against them. It’s not fair to the women who are effected in other situations such as this. It is not fair to the women who suffer at the corrupt hands of the justice system that claim “there isn’t enough evidence.” It is not fair to the women who have lost their lives to the hands of abusers. Or lost themselves to the lies and manipulation that abusers control and are working their way back up. The people who abuse the women in their lives–or anyone, for that matter–should not be allowed to run for public office. We cannot continue with this pattern of “the lesser of two evils.” We cannot continue with this pattern of rich, straight, white men misrepresenting our country.

Then I learned that we actually have that third party candidate who supports many of the things that I support and I’d like y’all to look him up and give him a chance. The party he’s affiliated with seems a little out there to some, Grassroots-Legalize Cannabis Now, but I think this is the best candidate we’ve got that doesn’t demean our democratic practices. MPR did this great coverage story of the platforms of each Attorney General candidate.

No matter what happens in this election, it is our duty as students, as community members, allies, and decent people to vote. Vote for who you think would do the best job and who is the most qualified. Vote for the person–not the party–that aligns most with your personal views and morals. Vote for the people who can’t vote–for the individuals who live here who don’t have the privilege. Vote out voter suppression. Vote out those who you think aren’t doing the right job and vote in those who are dedicated to the people, because that’s their job.

Even here in St. Cloud, I did my research and emailed the two candidates for Stearns County Sheriff. One got back to me (but maybe that’s because I forgot to put my name and email on the other). I was asking primarily about his stance on excessive force and brutality in the police community and how they would deal with sex workers–rather than sex traffickers. While he explained his stance, the answers he gave were still rather ambiguous, in my opinion, but also to be expected from a politician–or even as a policeman being questioned on police culture. Regarding sheriff, I’m still not sold on who I’m voting for or if I’m abstaining, but that’s the important thing about the midterm elections.

Midterms are vital to how the US government should function. That being said, Minnesota is very unique and voting is very accessible to the majority. There is still time to register. You can register at the polls. All you have to do is show up and you’re there.

You can make a difference. Exercise your right to vote. Help everyone and make sure that we get the right people in office to uphold and defend the integrity of what makes America great: honesty, empathy, and change

Betsy (she/her) is a senior at SCSU, studying Gender and Women Studies with a Human Relations minor. She is a member of the SCSU Concert, Chamber, and Women’s Choirs, holding a fundraising chair position in Concert Choir and she is the president of Women’s Choir. When she’s not living in Stewart Hall or the PAC, she is working at the Women’s Center trying to make campus a better place or playing video games, procrastinating on homework, or trying to not get viciously attacked by her cat.

Rethinking Thanksgiving

As Thanksgiving approaches, I am conflicted about family gatherings and traditions. Like many folks growing up in the United States, I learned about the wonderful lessons incorporated into the celebration of Thanksgiving. Childhood imagery of “Pilgrims” and “Indians” feasting on turkey and pumpkin pie together in peace paints a fairy tale of the history of white settlers and Indigenous peoples.

I am disappointed by the false and romanticized garbage I was fed as a child. The state-sanctioned ignorance cultivated within me by the U.S. public education system lasted well into my adulthood.

I am disappointed in myself for perpetuating that ignorance throughout my life and buying into the “true” meaning of Thanksgiving. How wonderful it is to take a day to celebrate your blessings by expressing gratitude. The “Pilgrims” and the “Indians” could teach us such an important lesson about tolerance and peace. Blah, blah, blah.

I am disappointed that I didn’t rethink Thanksgiving until only a few years ago. As I’ve come to understand the reality of relations between colonizing settlers and indigenous peoples on the American continent, I can no longer buy into the spirit of blind gratitude on Thanksgiving.

While many white folks happily believe that Thanksgiving celebrates peace between settlers and indigenous peoples in the U.S., there are a few basic misconceptions one should unlearn. Settlers did NOT respect the cultures and religions of indigenous peoples. “The first Thanksgiving” did NOT mark the start of a peaceful friendship among settlers and indigenous peoples (in fact mass genocide of native peoples precipitated from the event). Read more here. Additionally, there is no evidence that turkey was even on the menu, it was most likely venison!

For indigenous folks, Thanksgiving is often viewed as a reminder of the process of violent colonization, genocide, and oppression. As European settlers began infiltrating the land from the east, horrific numbers of indigenous lives were taken, first by disease and slavery, then by war and genocide. Take a moment to read alternative, more accurate versions of the Thanksgiving story. Since 1970, the National Day of Mourning recognizing the violence against Native Americans has coincided with Thanksgiving to bring light to these realities. THIS should be taught in schools and promoted.

After understanding the realities of settler invasion in America, how can we continue to celebrate such a holiday? “The first Thanksgiving” is clearly a story made up to perpetuate white supremacy and hide the violence of colonization and its lasting effects on indigenous peoples. On the one hand I want to boycott the day altogether while on the other hand I want to take the opportunity to educate family and friends on the topic (although I still have plenty to learn).

I will inevitably find myself at a family gathering on Thanksgiving. How will I challenge myself and those around me to reframe the holiday? Perhaps I will briefly speak of the history of Thanksgiving prior to the meal. Perhaps I will have several individual conversations about this topic. Perhaps I will be direct and denounce support for celebration. One way or another I will confront the dominant false story. While challenging long-standing traditions and beliefs of family members is never easy, I believe it’s important work for improving humanity.

Head ShotRose Hegerle is a senior studying sociology and gender & women’s studies. She chose these disciplines to better serve the St. Cloud community and contribute a more socially-just world. Her passions lie in empathy, social justice, human rights, animal welfare, and environmental issues (among other things). She enjoys engaging in critical and thoughtful dialogue to draw attention to macro and micro power structures that produce social inequalities. Rose lives in St. Cloud with her spouse and several pets including dogs, cats, mice, and a bearded dragon. Hobbies include canoeing, hiking, camping, playing board games, bowling, eating, and sewing. She currently works at a humane society and plans to stay in the non-profit sector long-term.

The Mark Cohen Complex (Redux)

About two years ago, a piece of mine was published on Collective Feminism by the name of The Mark Cohen Complex. In the post, I wrote about my experience during my vacation to the Philippines that summer of 2016. In that post, I wrote about the extreme guilt I felt in writing about my summer experience while there are people living in abject poverty.

I called the post “The Mark Cohen Complex” to mirror the dilemma undergone by the character of Mark in RENT of using the stories of those who have less. What I failed to realize two years ago is that the power of Mark’s character and the power of his art comes from the power of his community. I aimed to tell the story of my own community and instead became caught up in a guilt of poverty, that I failed to see the strength and the agency of my people.

In the ending scene of RENT, Mark shows his friends the documentary that he has spent a year making, with cuts of the people he had filmed over the year, mostly homeless people and those diagnosed with AIDS. The clips, however, are those of laughter and overall strength where individuals outside of the community only saw people who were sick and sleeping on the street (as shown by numerous scenes of police officers moving homeless folks forcefully or the raid of a peaceful protest).

Unfortunately, in my piece, I was the latter: thinking about my own community and my own home-country in terms of what they lack versus what they have. I only saw the children in the street, selling garlic slung around their neck in the middle of busy roads and failed to see the work they put into school on top of that. I saw grandmothers sewing dresses and sashes with their shaking and wrinkled hands and didn’t remember the tradition strong in those fingertips.

Even with these realizations, it would do them a disservice to make this piece about my tears over my mistakes. That would only once again take their stories away from them. The story of the Filipino people has always been one of resistance: against Spain, against Japan, against the United States. It is a country rich with our unique culture, delicious food and the best, most loving people on the planet (though of course I’d be biased)!

These truths are the ones that should always be on the forefront of the discussions about the Philippines. History of colonization and the recent obsession of my home country as a tourist destination paints it as nothing more than those two sides of a multi-sided die . Sometimes the mainstream seeps into the simplest discussions which only bolsters the need for critique of the mainstream. Where I myself am concerned and the lesson to be garnered from The Mark Cohen Complex, there is always room for growth when it comes to your own prejudices. You are not exempt from speaking from a place of privilege, no matter your position within the community itself.

CF Staff pic

Mariam Bagadion is a Filipino-American fourth year SCSU student who double majoring Gender and Women’s Studies and English. Mariam has loved writing from a young age and is excited to use this passion to bring attention to and start conversations about feminist issues surrounding identity and pop culture today. Mariam is a writing tutor at The Write Place and in her free time runs a personal blog at and is Game Master for her friends’ Dungeons and Dragons games. Social Media Consultant.



I’ve always claimed to be pro-choice. In high school, I’d engage in passionate debates about a woman’s right to choose and have control over her own body. I was poorly informed on the complexity and realities of reproductive choice and justice for all women. But, that’s where I was as a teenager over a decade ago. Pro-choice was a primary point in my juvenile form of (white) feminism.

Moving forward to adulthood, a friend of mine experienced an unexpected pregnancy. Despite my long-standing claim to be pro-choice, I did not support her decision to terminate her pregnancy. I used the story of how my mother figured out a way to raise me despite becoming pregnant at 16 years old. I guess I tried to guilt her into enduring an unwanted pregnancy. I was a pseudo-feminist and a failed friend. She went through with an abortion, and I was not there for her.

That was a mistake. A big one, one that will stay with me forever. I should have been there for her. I should have listened, helped, supported her. If I could go back in time, I would be the friend I should have been. But, I cannot. All I can do now is recognize my mistake and do better.

I’ve had my own experiences with pregnancy termination. Despite my pro-choice position, I had no choice in the actions of my reproductive system. As my body violently rejected carrying pregnancies to term, I felt a stronger empathy to those who have become pregnant without choosing to do so. The lack of control or choice and feeling helplessly detached from my body uncovered a connection to women whose pregnancies went against their wishes. Losing wanted pregnancies strengthened my support for a woman’s choice over her own body. I intimately understand the feeling of having no control over your body and the associated physical and emotional pain. If we can prevent others from this feeling, we have a moral obligation to do so. A woman should have as much control over her own body as humanly possible.

As I’ve become more educated on the complexities of the pro-choice/pro-life debate, I’ve learned the issue is NEVER black and white. Reproductive choices must be autonomous. No women should be coerced into having a child she does not want, nor should any woman be convinced she should not have a child. I’ve shied away from the pro-choice/pro-life dichotomy and to a broader picture of reproductive justice. A picture which includes the freedom to create the family of one’s choosing. To learn more about reproductive justice, click here. Many abortion myths still exist, and it’s time to unlearn them!

Vote, dammit!

Vote, dammit!  

We are living in one of the most privileged times of our lives, and we get the right that our ancestors fought for and that is to vote for those who have our interest and the interest of our nation in mind.  We will change our outcome and we will lead our own social revolution of that of which we succumbed to. The rights of our people cannot and will not succumb to the discrimination and prejudice that our national siblings are undergoing.

Vote, dammit!  

For too long we have been lead astray and for too long we have been told who had our ‘best’ interest in mind but reality is starting to become startlingly clear of what is truly transpiring.  We need to express our inquiry of those who will further lead this country and the relations of our country with those outside of the U.S to success and prosperity. We need to research and dig into what we value and those who carry our values.

Vote, dammit!  

No longer will marginalized groups be erased.  No longer will human life be considered insignificant.  We are not and will not be disposable in this warped vision of what America is becoming.  We will not lose our values and we will not be silenced. The right to exist and the pursuit of happiness is a right of our people and the right our children will have.  We have the right to exist.

Vote, dammit!

When our politicians are unfavorable and are lacking in their purpose, we have the power to engage.  We will be the change. We are not indebted to our politicians. We will have our voices heard. We erred when we had an incredibly low turnout last election but this year will be different.

Vote, dammit!

Elections: November 6th, 2018 from 7 am to 8 pm.

Please refer here for more details!

Support Trans and Intersex Communities!

Under the current administration, there have been numerous efforts to invalidate transgender communities. From stripping bathroom rights from transgender students to military discrimination, the civil rights assaults against transgender folks continues today. Recent reports from The New York Times, NPR, and CNN detail alleged memos that indicate the administration’s proposal to narrowly define sex based solely on biological factors and birth-assigned gender.

If put into place, such a reductive and inappropriate classification system would essentially deny the existence of transgender people, intersex people, and potentially any gender-non-conforming people. Already marginalized communities would lack protections against individual and institutional discrimination.

To those who have been affected by these developments, we at Collective Feminism support you.

To those of you who do not understand why it is so important to advocate for transgender and intersex rights, please educate yourself. You can read about transgender communities here.

If you’re unsure what exactly intersex means, please see for yourself here. Continue to educate yourself and others on the harm done when these folks are denied the rights that many cisgender folks take for granted.

Take a stand against this discrimination and don’t forget to vote!

Below is a list of resources compiled by the LGBT Resource Center at SCSU:

Voice your concerns:

US Department of Health and Human Services
Call Center: 1-877-696-6775
Address: 200 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20201
Office of Civil Rights: 

Find Your Elected Officials 

Care and Support:

St. Cloud State University Counseling and Psychological Services
Location: Stewart Hall 103
Make an appointment: Students can visit our office in-person or call 320-308-3171 to make appointments. Please have your student ID number available
After Hour Crises: 320-253-5555 or 800-635-8008

Prism Mental Health LLC
Phone Number: 320-217-9964
Address: 14 7th Ave N, St. Cloud, MN 56303 

Trans Lifeline 
Hotline: 877-565-8860 (US) / 877-330-6366 (Canada)

The Trevor Project 
Hotline: 1-866-488-7386

Transgender Resource List

*Image Credit: Brittney Clark

Head ShotRose Hegerle is a senior studying sociology and gender & women’s studies. She chose these disciplines to better serve the St. Cloud community and contribute a more socially-just world. Her passions lie in empathy, social justice, human rights, animal welfare, and environmental issues (among other things). She enjoys engaging in critical and thoughtful dialogue to draw attention to macro and micro power structures that produce social inequalities. Rose lives in St. Cloud with her spouse and several pets including dogs, cats, mice, and a bearded dragon. Hobbies include canoeing, hiking, camping, playing board games, bowling, eating, and sewing. She currently works at a humane society and plans to stay in the non-profit sector long-term.

Empowered Women

“Empowered women empower women.” This phrase is commonly used within feminist circles. When I first heard it, I thought, “Yeah, duh.” Of course it makes sense. It is not only motivating women to support one another, it also reminds us that women in power who achieve status at the expense of other women are not genuine to the true spirit of feminism. I am speaking of the spirit of uplifting all people of all social positions.

Back to my point: empowered women empower women. Since my understanding of the world and gender inequalities grew, I always agreed with this sentiment. However, I never truly felt in deep in my soul. Yes, I’ve felt passion and encouragement from professors, fellow students, family, friends, and colleagues. But, I’m talking about a heart-filling, emotionally awakening, and physically uplifting feeling.

I recently connected to this important feminist phrase during a concert. Dessa performed with the Minnesota Orchestra. She’s a powerful and talented artist whom I’ve admired for some time. While I’d seen her several times in the past, this time was different. A unique part of her show included commentary between sets. She gave the audience personal connections to her music and her writing. At one point, she talked to the audience about working with Sarah Hicks (Minnesota Orchestra’s first female conductor), and went on to credit the vocal director Aby Wolf and her fellow singers in the performance: Ashley DuBose, Cameron Kinghorn, Matthew Santos. She even gave a shout out to Tiffany, the head of lighting during the show.

This commentary centered around an ensemble of strong and talented women from various backgrounds suddenly turned a switch deep inside me. I felt the empowerment radiating out from each and every one of them. It clicked in my mind: THIS is what “empowered women empower women” feels like (to me, at least). I felt it in the air and then felt it inhabit my body. The intense, beautiful, and inexplicably uplifting sounds of their music and the messages filled me up. I suddenly realized I had been running on empty for some time. Dessa and the entire ensemble performing that day refueled my soul. I had forgotten how powerful sharing the experience of live art with others can be.

I recognize I was privileged to attend this special concert at the Minnesota Orchestra Hall. Those tickets are not financially accessible to everyone, nor would everyone enjoy this type of performance. But I hope to find a way to reproduce this feeling for others. Perhaps it will be through art, or perhaps it will be through a helping hand. There are endless possibilities, and I hope all women can feel a similar connection to the phrase “Empowered women empower women.”

P.S. I strongly encourage you all check out Dessa’s track rich with feminist thought, “Fire Drills.

Head ShotRose Hegerle is a senior studying sociology and gender & women’s studies. She chose these disciplines to better serve the St. Cloud community and contribute a more socially-just world. Her passions lie in empathy, social justice, human rights, animal welfare, and environmental issues (among other things). She enjoys engaging in critical and thoughtful dialogue to draw attention to macro and micro power structures that produce social inequalities. Rose lives in St. Cloud with her spouse and several pets including dogs, cats, mice, and a bearded dragon. Hobbies include canoeing, hiking, camping, playing board games, bowling, eating, and sewing. She currently works at a humane society and plans to stay in the non-profit sector long-term.